Mozambique


Located on the southeastern coast of Africa, opposite the island of Madagascar, Mozambique occupies an area of 801,590 sq km which is home to 28.83 million 2016 World Bank . Mozambique is endowed with a long coastline scattered with popular beaches and offshore marine parks which protect rare marine life including dugongs. The Quirimbas Archipelago, a 250km stretch of coral islands, mangrove-covered Ibo Island bears the remnants or the Portuguese colonial-era rule

Mozambique annual economic output from the ocean in 2015 based on the ocean ecosystem was estimated at 2.7 Billion US$ and ranks second regionally after South Africa Download resource

Mozambique income from the coastline is higher than income from the ocean but more than 50% of coastline value is from carbon sequestration that is not real $$ until carbon markets are implemented.

Coastal tourism and coastal protection have equal value whereas the ocean economy is equivalent in importance to agriculture and exports.

Industrial fisheries, though one of the most important sectors in the economy, are only a fraction of the potential value of the total ocean economy.

Population statistics of 2015/2016 indicates that Mozambique is home to more than 27 million inhabitants with more than a half of this population living within a 100 Km coastal strip buffer.

With a population growth rate of more than 2%  coupled with improved social and health standards, Mozambique national population will continue to grow over the next couple of years with highest projections showing that the population of Mozambique will hit  174 million people by the end of the 21st century.

Mozambique EEZ is more than half its land area, emphasizing  its economic potential in national growth and sustainability

 

Data sources: WIO Ocean Economy report (Obura et al. 2017), WWF/BCG/CORDIO; UNDP Development statistics, 2015; UNESA Population statistics 2015