Tanzania is an East African country known for its vast wilderness areas and is home to more than 55.57 million people (2016) World Bank. The country is also renowned for its tourism destinations that include Africa’s highest mountain, Kilimanjaro, and wildlife-rich national parks such as the Serengeti. Offshore lie the tropical islands of Zanzibar, with Arabic influences, and Mafia, with a marine park home to whale sharks and magnificent coral reefs that stretch the entire coastline.
Tanzania earns approximately US$2.7 billion per year from its ocean less than 5% of its national GDP
Compared to other WIO countries, Tanzania ocean economy ranks third same as its national GDP. Download resource
Carbon sequestration and tourism are the major ocean assets despite nonexistence of real carbon market to translate this asset into real income
Tanzania dependence on ocean wealth is low exceeded by exports and agriculture while marine tourism is the second most important ocean sector accounting for more than 30% of real income followed by industrial fisheries
Protection of ocean resources is relatively low while social indicators suggest a growing population that could see an upward expansion in the utilisation of marine resources which could further jeopardize conservation efforts
Data sources: WIO Ocean Economy report (Obura et al. 2017), WWF/BCG/CORDIO; UNDP Development statistics, 2015; UNESA Population statistics 2015