South Africa

Located on the southernmost tip of the African continent is the Republic of South Africa a country marked by several distinct ecosystems. The country is endowed with a rich diversity of nearly 55.91 million people (2016) World Bank and a wide variety of cultures, languages and religious beliefs. It is also the world’s biggest producer of gold and platinum and one of the leading producers of base metals and coal. The country’s diamond industry is the fourth-largest in the world.

South Africa’s ocean economy 2015 based on ocean ecosystem is estimated at 6.7 Billion US$. (Note – this panel only includes 1/3 of South Africa’s total GDP and ocean economy, focusing on just the Indian Ocean coast and Durban/Richards Bay as the major hubs) Download resource

Regionally South Africa ocean economy ranks first when compared to other WIO countries while it remains the regional economic power house in terms of national GDP

Coastal tourism remains the highest contributors and the most important sector in terms of tangible contribution to the national GDP

South Africa has the most advanced economy in the region with high export reliance over agriculture and ocean economy. Even just the Indian Ocean third of the country has higher GDP and ocean wealth than the other countries

The dependence of the South Africa economy to the ocean is low, at less than 6% and is entirely from coastal tourism (on land) and marine tourism, with direct resource use being a tiny fraction of income

Current area in marine protected areas is low, but with new proposals for 22 MPAs under Operation Phakisa, area under protection will reach 5% of EEZ

Data sources: WIO Ocean Economy report (Obura et al. 2017), WWF/BCG/CORDIO; UNDP Development statistics, 2015; UNESA Population statistics 2015