Posts under category: policy


KPA stakeholder meeting, 27 March 2019 my take.

The week of 25-30 March saw an unusual set of events in Mombasa. Public outcry on the ongoing dredging/dumping and sand harvesting by two vessels was growing to a fever pitch, resulting in the CS for Transport, Mr. James Macharia, putting a stop to the activities with a tweet on […]


Sand harvest impacts to Waa-Tiwi coral reefs

Sand-harvesting has been carried out from 8-27 March at 3 areas off the Waa and Tiwi coral reefs, Kwale County, Kenya (see map). Sub-blocks 3, 4 and 5 have been exploited, with greatest pressure at block 4. The findings of the report are summarized below, or click on the icon […]


Dredge-spoil dumping in Mombasa

The issue of dredge spoil dumping is a charged one in Mombasa, with a history of poor information and knowledge of what is happening, what is legal and environmental regulations controlling it. This brief is written to try to help identify the key issues about current dumping practices in Mombasa, […]


Connectivity of areas beyond national jurisdiction with coastal waters

This new publication in Marine Policy journal shows the importance of areas in the High Seas for coastal fisheries and ecosystem health in developing countries.   Title – Ecological connectivity between the areas beyond national jurisdiction and T coastal waters: Safeguarding interests of coastal communities in developing countries   Led […]


Preliminary Ocean Health Index assessments completed for Kenya and Tanzania

The Ocean Health Index (OHI) is a scientific framework used to measure how healthy oceans are. It is the first integrated assessment framework that scientifically combines key biological, physical, economic, cultural and social elements of the ocean’s health. The OHI scores reflect how well coastal regions optimize their potential ocean benefits and services in […]


Global footprint and sustainability

The “three horses of sustainability” – the IPAT equation provides a simple but powerful model for understanding the roles of population, affluence and technology, particularly from the challenge posed by the Anthropocene – how to reduce one’s personal or societal impact.


Red List assessment of Scleractinian corals 2018-2020

The challenge The first complete assessment of reef-building corals was completed in 2008 (Carpenter et al. 2008) from which the Red List Index of corals shows the most significant decline of all taxonomic groups assessed (fig. below), due to the impact of the 1998 global coral bleaching event. Cost/investment We estimate […]


Launch of the WIO scenarios

  On 9 July 2018 the scenarios for the future of the Western Indian Ocean/East and Southern Africa were launched at the Science-Policy forum of the Nairobi Convention in Durban, South Africa.  


Kenya’s blue economy – what now?

What Kenya’s government can do to protect, and benefit from, ocean resources . Kenya earns around USD$2.5 billion per year from its ocean – less than 4% of its GDP. This shows the potential for growth which could raise peoples’ incomes in coming years. But it won’t happen unless damaging […]