CORDIO has a successful history of carrying out projects and activities in countries across the WIO, mainly by partnering with local institutions based in the country of focus. In 2017, CORDIO was involved in the implementation of projects in Seychelles, Djibouti, Kenya and Mozambique which involved a diverse range of subjects such as coral reef monitoring, local governance adaptation to climate change and community management of marine resources.
2017 marked the final year of implementation of the Emerging Knowledge project. The four-year, MASMA -funded regional study had grown to be a household name not only within the organisation where it dominated the Social Science programme, but also among actors working on climate change issues at the county and national level.
One of the key highlights of the year was the “Knowledge Needs and Good Practice Exchange Workshop for Coastal Counties”. The two-day high-level workshop was held in September 2017 in Kwale, a county whose villages (e.g. Vanga and Jimbo) have a history of erosion as well as inundation from riverine and coastal flooding. The forum provided a platform for dialogue between actors generating information that can inform local adaptation planning and the users -mainly county government staff and national government agencies. Critical gaps were unearthed in terms of the range of temporal and spatially relevant knowledge products needed. Participants also discussed key barriers to access and use of existing information and proposed strategies to address them.
The workshop was well attended with a total of 17 institutions including representation from the three participating county governments (Kwale, Kilifi and Mombasa), the Climate Change Directorate and NEMA’s Coastal Marine and Fresh Water department. It also demonstrated the significance of partnerships in advancing the coastal climate change adaptation agenda having been co-hosted by CORDIO and the Institute of Law and Environmental Governance (ILEG).
In December 2017, CORDIO held an in-country ‘End of Study’ workshop in Mombasa County. The objective of the meeting was to disseminate findings of the study and to discuss the way forward. Other key engagements included CSO’s pre-COP 23 meeting in Nairobi, a Knowledge Workshop and Systems Dynamic modelling training in Durban, the 10th WIOMSA symposium in Dar-Es Salaam (Download poster) and the National Disaster Management Symposium in Kwale.
Knowledge generated from the EKLA project was published under the theme “Coastal and climate Governance baseline assessment” and is availableHERE
CORDIO completed its work with the Island Conservation Society (ICS), as part of the Outer Islands Project (OIP) supported by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) through UNDP. The overall target of the activities was to improve management of coral reefs on four outer-islands in the Seychelles: Alphonse, Desroches, Poivre and Farquhar.
Following the workshop held in Victoria in October 2016, another workshop was conducted on 21-25 March 2017 in Mahe to finalise the new coral reef monitoring protocol and provide some practical training to the ICS staff on the new methods. The coral reef monitoring protocol can be accessed here and there is also blog about the workshop.
CORDIO also developed draft coral reef management plans for the four Outer Islands. These plans include proposed use zones based on coral reef and biodiversity features and natural and anthropogenic threats. The plans also include a list of proposed management actions to protect and conserve coral reefs around the Outer Islands.
In addition, we developed a practical plan to design a national coral collection facility to be hosted at the University of Seychelles. The facility will support education and training in coral reefs and marine conservation.
From the experience gained through this work, CORDIO is well placed to assist other coral reef managers develop their own tailor-made coral reef monitoring and management tools.
LMMAS (Djibouti, Kenya, Mozambique)
The development of the Gulf of Tadjourah and Ghoubet-el-Kharab Seascape Management Plan for Djibouti occurred in 2017 with CORDIO conducting a series of training workshops in Djibouti, culminating in the establishment of the first Locally Managed Marine Area (LMMA), in Djibouti.
An exchange visit to Kenya organised by CORDIO for the representatives of the local fishers of Arta Plage from Djibouti occurred in February 2017. CORDIO then facilitated the development of a co-management plan for the Arta Plage LMMA to guide the development of the LMMA.
Kenya: Governance Assessment for the Kanamai Beach Management Unit
together with the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) convened the governance assessment of Kanamai Beach Management Unit from the 5th to 12th of September 2017 to evaluate the governance situation at the Kanamai co-management area. The exercise was part of a programme to assess the governance status of protected areas in Kenya according to selected governance principles http://cmsdata.iucn.org/downloads/governance_of_protected_areas___from_understanding_to_action.pdf.
Local stakeholders such as members and non-members of the Beach Management Unit, Committee members of the Beach Management Unit (BMU), foot fishers, aquarium fishers, octopus fishers, fish fryers as well as representatives of Kilifi County Fisheries, Kenya Wildlife Service and Kenya Fisheries Service, were involved. The activity was financed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The exercise enabled the Kanamai BMU to identify their strengths and weaknesses and to deliberate the improvement of BMU governance, conservation and developmental activities. In 2018, the aim is to achieve better social and conservation goals with on-going activities
A training workshop was held in Moçimboa da Praia from 5th – 12th February 2017, to deliver a field-based training of community members in coral reef survey methods. The participants were drawn from Conselho Comunitario de Pesca (CCPs) and technicians from Associaçáo do Meto Ambiente (AMA) technicians. CCPs are formally recognized as community fisheries councils and are mandated to manage marine and fisheries resources within a specified area of jurisdiction. Participants were introduced to basic methods used in monitoring coral reef health. The skills would be needed by CCPs during and after they establish conservation areas.
An exchange visit to Kenya occurred from the 15th to 22nd April 2017 with participants drawn from Conselho Comunitario de Pesca (CCP), Associaçáo do Meto Ambiente (AMA) technicians, and the Ministry of Fisheries of Mozambique. Participants visited two locally managed marine areas (Kanamai-Mradi and Kuruwitu), the Kenya Wildlife Service, a government Marine Protected Area – Mombasa Marine National Park and the State Department of Fisheries, Kenya. They engaged fishers and authorities of marine protected areas and learnt how different management operations are handled to enable achievement of conservation objectives. They learnt how government departments (Kenya Fisheries Service and Kenya Wildlife Service) collaborate with the local community to enhance management and conservation of marine and fisheries resources.
A refresher training workshop was held in Nsangue Ponta village from 1st to 9th October 2017 to empower the Conselho Comunitario de Pesca (CCPs). The workshop was a follow up to the previous workshop held from 5th – 12th February 2017 on coral reef monitoring. Participants collected coral reef baseline data inside and outside of the community marine reserve at Nsangue Ponta. In addition, trainers were identified from CCPs to act as trainer of trainers.