Environmental Assessment, Kenya

Kenya’s Environmental Coordination and Management Act (EMCA 1990) put in place a system for assessing and mitigating against environmental and social impacts of development projects, construction and other economic activities. The Act mandates the National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA) to implement it, and a National Environment Tribunal (NET) as an independent court for overseeing appeals against NEMA decisions and to mediate on conflicts around environmental issues.


Kenya’s EIA process relies on Environmental Experts licensed by NEMA, who are hired and paid directly by project developers, to implement the EIA process. With increasing development looking to the sea for to generate income and wealth for development, and the increase in marine-based activities with economic growth, more and more projects are being proposed that can have significant impacts on the marine environment.


CORDIO has conducted or participated on a number of EIAs in Kenya, and maintains an EIA Lead Expert license in order to participate in Kenya’s EIA process. However, this is mainly to comment on controversial projects and EIAs. The page links below list the projects that CORDIO has contributed to, in the past and ongoing, with a view to minimizing marine environmental impacts while supporting environmentally sustainable development, and to build standards into the EIA process on the part of both the authorities, and the professionals working in the field.



Sand-Harvesting in Kwale Country – for construction of the Standard Gauge Railway (2014-ongoing)






Whale shark capture and captivity project, Waa/South coast of Kenya



Lamu–South Sudan–Ethiopia Transport Corridor (LAPSSET) – initial Port construction, 3 berths (2012-ongoing)

Blazer Watamu Development (2007)