Mayotte and la Reunion are insular department and region of France. Mayotte consists of a main island, Grande-Terre (or Maore), a smaller island, Petite-Terre (or Pamanzi), and several islets around these two. The archipelago is located in the northern Mozambique Channel in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Southeast Africa, between northwestern Madagascar and northeastern Mozambique with a total land area of 374 square kilometres and a population of 212,645 people. Reunion on the other hand is located in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar and 175 kilometers (109 mi) southwest of Mauritius. As of January 2016, it had a population of 842,767 people and It is the most prosperous island in the Indian Ocean, having the highest GDP per capita in the region. The island became an overseas department of France in 1946.

The national ocean economy (2015) of France (Mayotte and Reunion) based on ocean ecosystem is estimated at 0.8 Billion US$ and ranks seventh regionally. Download resource

France coastline remains the most valuable ocean asset while tourism remains the main contributor of national GDP in terms of real dollars

Population projections into the future indicates that France population will reach 2.5 Million people at least by the end of the 21st Century