Coral reefs, SDGs and the post-2020 biodiversity framework

In November 2019 the Convention on Biological Diversity ran marine consultations for the new ‘Global Biodiversity Framework’ for 2021-2030, under the umbrella of its Vision for 2050, “living in harmony with nature”. CORDIO is contributing to this ‘post-2020‘ process with two primary inputs based on the experience of coral reefs as a flagship ecosystem, and the Sustainable Development Goals as an organizing framework. These documents are submitted to the post-2020 process at this page on the CBD website.

Some background
CORDIO is participating in this process through a number of channels, listed below. Our contributions are contained in the tabs at right.

> as a participating organization in the Open Ended Working Group discussions, starting in Nairobi in August 2019, through a marine thematic focus in Montreal on 13-15 November 2019 and onward into 2020. See this blog post.

> as a member of the International Coral Reef Initiative and its ad-hoc working group proposing a coral reef target for the post-2020 process.

> through IUCN’s Species Survival Commission and its discussions on species targets for the post-2020 process.


Presenting a ‘coral reef-SDG model’

This is to ensure a clear ‘ecosystem-based’ approach is used to integrate the multiple elements that affect the state of biodiversity across the planet.
The Sustainable Development Goals, while complex at first sight, express a simple narrative about the relationships between people and nature. This document illustrates this in the context of a coral reef land or seascape supporting coastal people. All 17 of the SDGs can be mentioned in plain language, in under 150 words, describing the benefits people get from reefs, the pressures on reef function they impose, and the elements needed to ensure sustainability.


Framing the post-2020 framework of the CBD by the Sustainable Development Goals

The SDGs are the primary set of global targets that link biodiversity, economic and social considerations together.

The Policy Brief below presents a suggestion for how the Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) can be intimately linked to Agenda 2030 and the narrative supplied by the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This will help to ensure consistency between them, and between the GBF and other key global policy frameworks. It will also provide a mechanism for continuity after 2030, for achieving the vision for biodiversity for 2050.

A proposed integration of the above models with the pyramid framework proposed by Brazil for the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework is shown below. This is a ‘work in progress’ to stimulate discussion in the OEWG consultations.